This video contains a description of the monumental buildings in the Acropolis. Especially it has very interesting analysis of the proportions and optical refinements of The Parthenon.
This monumental work is a peripteral octostyle Doric temple on the Athenian Acropolis dedicated to the goddess Athena, whom the people of Athens considered their patron.
Its construction began in 447 and was completed in 438 BC although decoration of the building continued until 432 BC.
It is the most important surviving building of Classical Greece, considered the zenith of the Doric order.

The construction of The Parthenon, made ​​almost entirely of white marble from Mount Penteli, was initiated by Pericles in thanks to the gods for his victory against the Persians. The architects in charge of the work were Ictino and Calicrates and were, in most cases, under the direction of the architect and great Athenian sculptor Phidias, author of the sculptural decoration and the great statue of Athena Parthenos which was located as the centerpiece of the temple (measuring forty feet high and for its elaboration 1,200 kg of gold were needed).

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19 COMMENTS

  1. These were the saviors of Greece and western civilization, not the spartans, not the Macedonians. British authorities and people that support them should be ashamed for this cultural blasphemy.

  2. prayer for Mark his mind are so confused about God why he don't have the things in life he really don't under stand he autism he confused he don't want to help him you trying to help him he don't want you really don't know what wrong With him why he act so crazy worry about his apartment

  3. Thank you so much for this priceless video documentation!

    Ah, history… Just so cruel… T_T… This is very painful to watch…

    Hope everything can still be restored… And every marble piece be brought back to Greece and be reunified with the rest …

  4. THE NARRATOR IN THE VIDEO MAKES A CLAIM THAT THE PARTHENON IS A ANCIENT BUILDING WHOSE MAGNIFICENCE IS WITHOUT EQUAL. OH REALLY. WELL THE KINGS PYRAMID WHICH STANDS IN AFRICA EGYPT IS SO MASSIVE, SO IMBUED WITH PROFOUNDLY COMPLEX MATHS THAT NO ENGINEERING COMPANY, EVEN IF GIVEN ALL THE NECCESSARY MONEY REQUIRED COULD REPLICATE BUILDING IT EVEN TODAY. THE KINGS PYRAMID REMAINED THE TALLEST BUILDING ON EARTH FOR OVER THREE THOUSAND YEARS, UNTIL A CATHEDRAL  BUILT IN EUROPE IN THE 13TH CENTURY FINALLY SURPASSED IT. THE KINGS PYRAMID CONTAINS OVER TWO MILLION STONE BLOCKS WEIGHING FROM BETWEEN 2 AND 70 TONS. TO GET A SENSE OF THE SCALE OF THIS,  30 EMPIRE STATE BUILDING'S WOULD HAVE TO BE BUILT BEFORE ITS VOLUME IN STONE WORK MET THAT OF THE KINGS PYRAMID. BESIDES THIS, THE PARTHENON CONTAINS '' COLUMNS'', WHICH IS A ARCHITECHTURAL CONCEPT IT BORROWED FROM THE EGYPTIANS. ANCIENT EGYPT PREDATES ANCIENT GREECE BY ROUGHLY THREE THOUSAND YEARS.

  5. This video documentation of the Parthenon and other temples/buildings on the Acropolis is the most informative I have seen.

    I may be able to add to the awe and amazement which the Parthenon inspires.

    The video describes the slight tilting of the columns on all four sides of the Parthenon i.e. from 19:59 to 20:25. If extended upwards, the front and back (west and east) sides would meet at 2,400m in the air. Similarly, the left and right (north and south) sides would meet at 4,800m. In short, round numbers with an enormous number of factors. Okay.

    Years ago, I read a book, 'The Measure of All Things' by Ken Adler. In this book, Mr. Adler documents the process undertaken in the late 1700s to determine the length of one metre. It was defined as 1/10,000,000th (one ten-millionth) of the distance between the Equator and the Solar North Pole. Prior to this, distances were standardised and measured by royal decrees and the like.

    I cannot help by ponder whether the ancients had this planetary knowledge. It may have subsequently been lost e.g. in the burning of the library at Alexandria in 70CE.

    Also, if I may digress, does anyone know why a circle is divided into 360 degrees? Why isn't it 100 degrees, or 250, or 500, or 1,000? I am happy to be referred to material for additional reading on this question.

  6. I WISHED ALL THESE MARBLES BE RETURNED TO THEIR RIGHTFUL BIRTH PLACE, WHY ARE THEY IN BRITAIN THEY HAVE NO PLACE THERE. I BET THE MISSING PIECES THAT U SEE IN THIS DOCUMENTARY A LAYING AROUND ATHENS.

  7. Let's get it straight…Elgin STOLE them, they are NOT the Elgin Marbles.
    The sculptures held captive in the British Museum are the PARTHENON Marbles.
    You cannot change the past, what's done is done.But you CAN do something about the future, You CAN change the present.Do what's right. Return the PARTHENON sculptures to their rightful home, Return the PARTHENON Sculptures to Greece.
    Reunite Them! “BRING THEM BACK!” Thousands of pieces of Greek antiquities are hosted in the British Museum. Our campaign does not ask for the return of those.
    We ask for the return of the Parthenon sculptures in Greece and the Reunification of the Monument. We, the users of the Internet obtain power and we are able to mobilize the international public opinion. Our goal can be achieved this way.
    Do you believe this is fair? If yes, help this goal come true. Say your own “BRING THEM BACK!”  http://www.bringthemback.org/

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